Cigarette Smoking and its Effects

Tobacco, the chief plant used to make cigarettes, has been growing on earth for more than eight thousand years. In today’s world, cigarette smoking is a very common practice across the entire world. It is a familiar hobby to both the young and the elderly people, race and gender notwithstanding. However, though a universally embraced practice which to some extent helps the users, cigarette smoking has very adverse effects especially when its use is prolonged.

The effects of smoking cigarettes are serious and deadly in many instances. “There are approximately 4000 chemicals in cigarettes, hundreds of which are toxic. The ingredients in cigarettes affect everything from the internal functioning of organs to the efficiency of the body’s immune system” (Martin). Cigarettes contain nicotine, which after inhalation takes ten seconds to reach the brain. Carbon monoxide, found in cigarettes, heavily affects the body’s oxygenation by binding with the hemoglobin present in the red blood cells. Most of the other chemicals in cigarettes are cancer-causing agents, carcinogens, and they damage the important genes responsible for cell growth thus leading to the development of various cancers.

Even with its popularity being on the rise, cigarette smokers find themselves in a social fix: cigarette smoking is so offensive for non-smokers to stand because the non-smoking bystanders are compelled to inhale smoke exhaled by the smokers and the smoke from the burning tip (Mascarenhas 476).There are rules across all nations that regulate cigarette smoking. For the non-smokers, this act is a vice. Most employers in today’s world prefer to employ non-smokers. In addition, cigarette smoking may ruin relationships between the smoker and his or her friends or relatives. This is because most social facilities such as theatres, public buildings, and sports stadiums are smoke-free. This limits the extent to which the smokers interact with others. In the light of the above, cigarette smoking lowers the smoker’s personal reputation to the public. Actually, it is mostly only among fellow smoker that a cigarette smoker has actual respect, irrespective of the smokers professionalism.

It is obvious that cigarette smoking has such adverse negative consequences for the users,but it is hard to ignore the fact that there is a relatively positive aspect about cigarette smoking, economic wise. Cigarette smoking is very addictive. Once one starts and becomes a daily user, it is very hard to quit. This means that the cigarette manufacturing company’s demand schedules never shift downwards. If anything, consumption of cigarettes is usually on the rise. As a result, the year to year profits of the cigarette manufacturing companies is continuously on a higher level. This is a good move to the governments since the higher the profit, the higher the corporate tax due from those companies (Cordes, Ebel and Gravelle 440). Additionally, the governments levy a custom tax on all tobacco products. Since the governments are aware of the addictiveness of this, this levy is usually high. Its intentions are to try and reduce the number of cigarette smokers but as it always happens, it ends up as a huge source of government revenue since it is very hard for cigarette smokers to quit this practice.

Cigarette smoking is a practice that dates back in history. Over the years, it has seen its establishment expanding especially with the globalization trends in the recent years. It is true that smoking cigarettes carries with it quite a number of negative effects. However, the smokers are aware of these effects and continue to smoke nonetheless. Therefore, the future of smoking cigarettes is definite and the effects it brings will not affect it.


  • Cordes, Joseph J., Robert D. Ebel and Jane G. Gravelle. The Encyclopedia of Taxation And Tax Policy. Washington, D.C: The Urban Insitute, 2005.
  • Martin, Terry. The Effects of Smoking on Human Health. 30 July 2008. 3 May 2013 .
  • Mascarenhas, Oswald A. J. Responsible Marketing: Concepts, Theories, Models, Strategies and Cases. Richland Hills: Roval Publishing, 2007.
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